Fulvio Collovati was born in Teor, near Udine, on 9th May 1957.
Collovati was scouted by Giovanni Trapattoni and spent his youth at the AC Milan academy. He made his Serie A debut in the 1976/1977 season and became a regular starter with coach Niels Leidholm. He won a Serie A title in 1979/1980, a Coppa Italia and a Serie B title with the Rossoneri, before moving to Inter in the summer of 1982 to spend four consecutive seasons with the Nerazzurri, making 109 appearances. His professional player career came to an end after stints at Udinese, Roma and Genoa, finishing fourth in the 1990/1991 Serie A season with the Rossoblu.
He made his Azzurri debut on 24th February 1979, aged 21, in a friendly in Milan against The Netherlands. Head coach Enzo Bearzot called him up for the 1980 UEFA European Championships and for the 1982 FIFA World Cup in Spain, where Italy became World Champions. He also took part in the 1982 FIFA World Cup, where he played his last match for the Azzurri during the group stage. In total, he made 50 appearances and scored three goals.